Survey of humanitarian situation and needs among Syrian refugees, Dohuk Governorate, Gawilan camp, Iraq-Kurdistan, December 2013
- Ginoux Etienne
- Réponse aux Urgences
The crisis in Syria has led to the displacement of thousands of refugees, primarily to neighbouring countries, in search of safety. As a result, humanitarian needs both inside and outside the country are escalating rapidly. Since the crisis began in March 2011, the ability for international organisations, including Médecins Sans Frontières - Operational Centre Geneva (MSF-OCG), to provide aid inside Syria has been severely restricted. MSFOCG has therefore strengthened its response to the influx of refugees flowing across the Syrian border into countries such as Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq. During 2012, the conflict in Syria spread to the entire country. During that summer, the north-eastern part of Syria, the Al-Hassaqeh governorate, was severely affected by war. Many Kurds residing in the area were obliged to flee to the neighbouring Iraqi-Kurdish Regional Government (KRG). Domiz Camp, the largest camp of Syrian refugees in Iraq, was opened in April 2012, and is located near the Iraqi city of Dohuk, KRG. In May 2012, MSF-OCG expanded its regular response in KRG to provide urgent assistance to the influx of thousands of Syrian refugees. MSF-OCG provides primary health care within Gawilan camp and on the KRG-Syria border. Up to 4th November 2013, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees(UNHCR) had registered 101,301 refugees in Dohuk Governorate. An assessment by Development and modification centre (DMC) in mid-October found a population of 40,848 refugees living in Domiz camp, meaning that potentially more than 60,000 refugees were living out-of-camp in Dohuk governorate.