Publications

ENG

Randomised trials at the level of the individual.

Abstract

In global health research, short-term, small-scale clinical trials with fixed, two-arm trial designs that generally do not allow for major changes throughout the trial are the most common study design.

Authors: Park JJH Ford N Xavier D Ashorn P Grais RF Bhutta ZA Goossens H Thorlund K Socias ME Mills EJ
Journal Reference: The Lancet. Global health 2021 May ; 9(5); e691-e700. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30540-4. Epub 2021 04 18
Clinical trial
ENG

The role and challenges of cluster randomised trials for global health.

Abstract

Evaluating whether an intervention works when trialled in groups of individuals can pose complex challenges for clinical research.

Authors: Dron L Taljaard M Cheung YB Grais R Ford N Thorlund K Jahan F Nakimuli-Mpungu E Xavier D Bhutta ZA Park JJH Mills EJ
Journal Reference: The Lancet. Global health 2021 May ; 9(5); e701-e710. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30541-6. Epub 2021 04 18
Clinical trial
ENG

Urgently seeking efficiency and sustainability of clinical trials in global health.

Abstract

This paper shows the scale of global health research and the context in which we frame the subsequent papers in the Series.

Authors: Park JJH Grais RF Taljaard M Nakimuli-Mpungu E Jehan F Nachega JB Ford N Xavier D Kengne AP Ashorn P Socias ME Bhutta ZA Mills EJ
Journal Reference: The Lancet. Global health 2021 May ; 9(5); e681-e690. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30539-8. Epub 2021 04 18
Clinical trial
ENG

AMR in low-resource settings: Médecins Sans Frontières bridges surveillance gaps by developing a turnkey solution, the Mini-Lab.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In low-and-middle-income countries (LMIC), data related to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are often inconsistently collected.

Authors: Ronat JB Natale A Kesteman T Andremont A Elamin W Hardy L Kanapathipillai R Michel J Langendorf C Vandenberg O Naas T Kouassi F
Journal Reference: Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 2021 Apr 28; (); Array. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2021.04.015. Epub 2021 04 28
Antimicrobial resistance Clinical bacteriology laboratory Low-and middle-income countries Mini-lab Médecins Sans Frontières Surveillance
ENG

Epidemiological, clinical, and public health response characteristics of a large outbreak of diphtheria among the Rohingya population in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, 2017 to 2019: A retrospective study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Unrest in Myanmar in August 2017 resulted in the movement of over 700,000 Rohingya refugees to overcrowded camps in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. A large outbreak of diphtheria subsequently began in this population.

Authors: Polonsky JA Ivey M Mazhar KA Rahman Z le Polain de Waroux O Karo B Jalava K Vong S Baidjoe A Diaz J Finger F Habib ZH Halder CE Haskew C Kaiser L Khan AS Sangal L Shirin T Zaki QA Salam A White K
Journal Reference: PLoS medicine 2021 Apr 01; 18(4); e1003587. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003587. Epub 2021 04 01
ENG

Community intervention for child tuberculosis active contact investigation and management: study protocol for a parallel cluster randomized controlled trial.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There are major gaps in the management of pediatric tuberculosis (TB) contact investigation for rapid identification of active tuberculosis and initiation of preventive therapy.

Authors: Vasiliu A Eymard-Duvernay S Tchounga B Atwine D de Carvalho E Ouedraogo S Kakinda M Tchendjou P Turyahabwe S Kuate AK Tiendrebeogo G Dodd PJ Graham SM Cohn J Casenghi M Bonnet M
Journal Reference: Trials 2021 Mar 02; 22(1); 180. doi: 10.1186/s13063-021-05124-9. Epub 2021 03 02
Cluster randomized controlled trial Community intervention Contact tracing Pediatric tuberculosis Preventive therapy Tuberculosis symptom screening