Who Needs to Be Targeted for HIV Testing and Treatment in KwaZulu-Natal? Results From a Population-Based Survey.

Authors: Huerga H Van Cutsem G Ben Farhat J Reid M Bouhenia M Maman D Wiesner L Etard JF Ellman T
Journal Reference: Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2016 Dec 01; 73(4); 411-418. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001081. Epub 2017 06 05
eng

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Identifying gaps in HIV testing and treatment is essential to design specific strategies targeting those not accessing HIV services. We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with being HIV untested, unaware, untreated, and virally unsuppressed in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

METHODS: Cross-sectional population-based survey. People aged 15-59 years were eligible. Interviews, HIV testing, and blood collection for antiretroviral drug presence test, CD4, and viral load were done at the participants' home.

RESULTS: Of the 5649 individuals included, 81.4% (95% CI: 79.8 to 82.9) had previously been tested. HIV prevalence was 25.2%. HIV-positivity awareness rate was 75.2% (95% CI: 72.9 to 77.4). Of all unaware, 73.3% of people were aged

CONCLUSIONS: The majority of HIV-positive people unaware of their status, untreated, and virally unsuppressed were individuals aged