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Sadler K James PT Bhutta ZA Briend A Isanaka S Mertens A Myatt M O'Brien KS Webb P Khara T Wells JC
The Journal of nutrition 2022 Jun 10; . doi: 10.1093/jn/nxac091. Epub 2022 06 10
child nutrition concurrent wasting and stunting mortality risk research design stunting wasting

Effectiveness of typhoid conjugate vaccine in Zimbabwe used in response to an outbreak among children and young adults: A matched case control study.


BACKGROUND: Zimbabwe suffers from regular outbreaks of typhoid fever (TF), worse since 2017. Most cases were in Harare and a vaccination campaign with Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine (TCV) was conducted in March 2019.

Lightowler MS Manangazira P Nackers F Van Herp M Phiri I Kuwenyi K Panunzi I Garone D Marume F Tarupiwa A Ferreras E Duri C Luquero FJ
Vaccine 2022 Jun 08; . doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.04.093. Epub 2022 06 08
Conjugate Effectiveness Outbreak Typhoid fever Vaccine Zimbabwe

Diagnostic accuracy of WHO screening criteria to guide lateral-flow lipoarabinomannan testing among HIV-positive inpatients: A systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis.


BACKGROUND: WHO recommends urine lateral-flow lipoarabinomannan (LF-LAM) testing with AlereLAM in HIV-positive inpatients only if screening criteria are met.

Dhana A Hamada Y Kengne AP Kerkhoff AD Broger T Denkinger CM Rangaka MX Gupta-Wright A Fielding K Wood R Huerga H Rücker SCM Bjerrum S Johansen IS Thit SS Kyi MM Hanson J Barr DA Meintjes G Maartens G
The Journal of infection 2022 May 16; . doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2022.05.010. Epub 2022 05 16
Diagnosis Human immunodeficiency virus Inpatient LAM Lipoarabinomannan Screening Sensitivity Specificity Tuberculosis

Measuring the unknown: An estimator and simulation study for assessing case reporting during epidemics.


The fraction of cases reported, known as 'reporting', is a key performance indicator in an outbreak response, and an essential factor to consider when modelling epidemics and assessing their impact on populations.

Jarvis CI Gimma A Finger F Morris TP Thompson JA le Polain de Waroux O Edmunds WJ Funk S Jombart T
PLoS computational biology 2022 05 ; 18(5); . doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008800. Epub 2022 05 23

Prevalence of TB and health-seeking behaviour.


No abstract available

Conan N Simons E Ohler L Mbatha M van Cutsem G Huerga H
The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2022 May 01; 26(5); . doi: 10.5588/ijtld.22.0001. Epub 2022 05 05

SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Prevalence and Population-Based Death Rates, Greater Omdurman, Sudan.


In a cross-sectional survey in Omdurman, Sudan, during March-April 2021, we estimated that 54.6% of the population had detectable severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 antibodies.

Moser W Fahal MAH Abualas E Bedri S Elsir MT Mohamed MFERO Mahmoud AB Ahmad AII Adam MA Altalib S DafaAllah OA Hmed SA Azman AS Ciglenecki I Gignoux E González A Mwongera C Miranda MA
Emerging infectious diseases 2022 May ; 28(5); . doi: 10.3201/eid2805.211951. Epub 2022 04 25
Abualas E Bedri S COVID-19 Elsir MT Fahal MAH Mohamed MFERO Omdurman SARS-CoV-2 Sudan Sudan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2022 May [date cited]. Suggested citation for this article: Moser W antibody et al. SARS-CoV-2 antibody prevalence and population-based death rates excess mortality greater Omdurman respiratory infections seroprevalence severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 viruses zoonoses

Feasibility and acceptability of using the novel urine-based FujiLAM test to detect tuberculosis: A multi-country mixed-methods study.


Background: The novel urine-based FujiLAM test identifies tuberculosis in HIV-positive patients but may be challenging to use at point-of-care (POC).

Chenai Mathabire Rücker S Lissouba P Akinyi M Vicent Lubega A Stewart R Tamayo Antabak N Taremwa Mugisha I Ohler L Macuácua H Atieno M Muyindike W Turyahabwe S Odhiambo Okomo G Mahomed Couto A Musoke M Bossard C Hewison C Ndlovu Z Huerga H
Journal of clinical tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases 2022 May ; 27; . doi: 10.1016/j.jctube.2022.100316. Epub 2022 04 25
Diagnostic tests Feasibility studies FujiLAM Low income settings Tuberculosis

Evaluation of multiple micronutrient supplementation and medium-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplementation in pregnancy on child development in rural Niger: A secondary analysis of a cluster randomized controlled trial.


BACKGROUND: It is estimated that over 250 million children under 5 years of age in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) do not reach their full developmental potential.

Sudfeld CR Bliznashka L Salifou A Guindo O Soumana I Adehossi I Langendorf C Grais RF Isanaka S
PLoS medicine 2022 May ; 19(5); . doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003984. Epub 2022 05 02

The seasonality of cholera in sub-Saharan Africa: a statistical modelling study.


BACKGROUND: Cholera remains a major threat in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where some of the highest case-fatality rates are reported.

Perez-Saez J Lessler J Lee EC Luquero FJ Malembaka EB Finger F Langa JP Yennan S Zaitchik B Azman AS
The Lancet. Global health 2022 Apr 21; . doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(22)00007-9. Epub 2022 04 21

Risk of community- and hospital-acquired bacteremia and profile of antibiotic resistance in children hospitalized with severe acute malnutrition in Niger.


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and antibiotic resistance profile of community- and hospital-acquired bacteremia among hospitalized children with severe acute malnutrition in Niger.

Andersen CT Langendorf C Garba S Sayinzonga-Makombe N Mambula C Mouniaman I Hanson KE Grais RF Isanaka S
International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases 2022 Mar 25; . doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2022.03.047. Epub 2022 03 25
Niger antimicrobial resistance bacteremia community-acquired hospital-acquired nosocomial severe acute malnutrition