Publications

ENG

Immunogenicity and Protection From a Single Dose of Internationally Available Killed Oral Cholera Vaccine: A Systematic Review and Metaanalysis.

Abstract

In addition to improved water supply and sanitation, the 2-dose killed oral cholera vaccine (OCV) is an important tool for the prevention and control of cholera.

Authors: Lopez AL Deen J Azman AS Luquero FJ Kanungo S Dutta S von Seidlein L Sack DA
Journal Reference: Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2018 Jun 01; 66(12); 1960-1971. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix1039. Epub 2018 11 13
ENG

Access to care for non-communicable diseases in Mosul, Iraq between 2014 and 2017: a rapid qualitative study.

Abstract

During June 2014 to April 2017, the population of Mosul, Iraq lived in a state of increasing isolation from the rest of Iraq due to the city's occupation by the Islamic State group.

Authors: Baxter LM Eldin MS Al Mohammed A Saim M Checchi F
Journal Reference: Conflict and health 2018 ; 12(); 48. doi: 10.1186/s13031-018-0183-8. Epub 2018 12 29
Access to healthcare Conflict Diabetes Humanitarian Hypertension Iraq Non-communicable diseases War
ENG

Field evaluation of near point of care Cepheid GeneXpert HIV-1 Qual for early infant diagnosis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Access to point-of-care HIV testing shortens turn-around times, time to diagnosis and reduces loss to follow-up hence minimizing barriers to early linkage to care and treatment among HIV infected infants.

Authors: Opollo VS Nikuze A Ben-Farhat J Anyango E Humwa F Oyaro B Wanjala S Omwoyo W Majiwa M Akelo V Zeh C Maman D
Journal Reference: PloS one 2018 ; 13(12); e0209778. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209778. Epub 2018 12 27
ENG

Impact of "test and treat" recommendations on eligibility for antiretroviral treatment: Cross sectional population survey data from three high HIV prevalence countries.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Latest WHO guidelines recommend starting HIV-positive individuals on antiretroviral therapy treatment (ART) regardless of CD4 count. We assessed additional impact of adopting new WHO guidelines.

Authors: Chihana ML Huerga H Van Cutsem G Ellman T Wanjala S Masiku C Szumilin E Etard JF Davies MA Maman D
Journal Reference: PloS one 2018 ; 13(11); e0207656. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207656. Epub 2018 11 26
ENG

Risk Factors for Vaginal Colonization and Relationship between Bacterial Vaginal Colonization and In-Hospital Outcomes in Women with Obstructed Labor in a Ugandan Regional Referral Hospital.

Abstract

Introduction: The proportion of women with severe maternal morbidity from obstructed labor is between 2 and 12% in resource-limited settings. Maternal vaginal colonization with group B streptococcus (GBS), , and spp.

Authors: Ngonzi J Bebell LM Bazira J Fajardo Y Nyehangane D Boum Y Nanjebe D Boatin A Kabakyenga J Jacquemyn Y Van Geertruyden JP Riley LE
Journal Reference: International journal of microbiology 2018 ; 2018(); 6579139. doi: 10.1155/2018/6579139. Epub 2018 09 20
ENG

Antimicrobial treatment practices among Ugandan children with suspicion of central nervous system infection.

Abstract

Acute central nervous system (CNS) infections in children in sub-Saharan Africa are often fatal. Potential contributors include late presentation, limited diagnostic capacity and inadequate treatment.

Authors: Kemigisha E Nanjebe D Boum Y Langendorf C Aberrane S Nyehangane D Nackers F Mueller Y Charrel R Murphy RA Page AL Mwanga-Amumpaire J
Journal Reference: PloS one 2018 ; 13(10); e0205316. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0205316. Epub 2018 10 09
ENG

HIV treatment is associated with a two-fold higher probability of raised triglycerides: Pooled Analyses in 21 023 individuals in sub-Saharan Africa.

Abstract

Background: Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) regimes for HIV are associated with raised levels of circulating triglycerides (TG) in western populations.

Authors: Ekoru K Young EH Dillon DG Gurdasani D Stehouwer N Faurholt-Jepsen D Levitt NS Crowther NJ Nyirenda M Njelekela MA Ramaiya K Nyan O Adewole OO Anastos K Compostella C Dave JA Fourie CM Friis H Kruger IM Longenecker CT Maher DP Mutimura E Ndhlovu CE Praygod G Pefura Yone EW Pujades-Rodriguez M Range N Sani MU Sanusi M Schutte AE Sliwa K Tien PC Vorster EH Walsh C Gareta D Mashili F Sobngwi E Adebamowo C Kamali A Seeley J Smeeth L Pillay D Motala AA Kaleebu P Sandhu MS
Journal Reference: Global health, epidemiology and genomics 2018 ; 3(); Array. doi: 10.1017/gheg.2018.7. Epub 2018 05 08
Antiretroviral therapy Cardiovascular disease HIV Lipids Sub-Saharan Africa Triglycerides
ENG

Single-dose oral ciprofloxacin prophylaxis as a response to a meningococcal meningitis epidemic in the African meningitis belt: A 3-arm, open-label, cluster-randomized trial.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prophylaxis for contacts of meningitis cases is not recommended during outbreaks in the African meningitis belt.

Authors: Coldiron ME Assao B Page AL Hitchings MDT Alcoba G Ciglenecki I Langendorf C Mambula C Adehossi E Sidikou F Tassiou EI De Lastours V Grais RF
Journal Reference: PLoS medicine 2018 Jun ; 15(6); e1002593. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002593. Epub 2018 06 26