Dengue in Western Uganda: a prospective cohort of children presenting with undifferentiated febrile illness.

Auteurs: Boyce RM Collins M Muhindo R Nakakande R Ciccone EJ Grounds S Espinoza D Zhu Y Matte M Ntaro M Nyehangane D Juliano JJ Mulogo EM
Référence de l'article: BMC infectious diseases 2020 Nov 11; 20(1); 835. doi: 10.1186/s12879-020-05568-5. Epub 2020 11 11
Arbovirus Dengue Epidemiology Fever Uganda
eng

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The spatial distribution and burden of dengue in sub-Saharan Africa remains highly uncertain, despite high levels of ecological suitability. The goal of this study was to describe the epidemiology of dengue among a cohort of febrile children presenting to outpatient facilities located in areas of western Uganda with differing levels of urbanicity and malaria transmission intensity.

METHODS: Eligible children were first screened for malaria using rapid diagnostic tests. Children with a negative malaria result were tested for dengue using a combination NS1/IgM/IgG rapid test (SD Bioline Dengue Duo). Confirmatory testing by RT-PCR was performed in a subset of participants. Antigen-capture ELISA was performed to estimate seroprevalence.

RESULTS: Only 6 of 1416 (0.42%) children had a positive dengue rapid test, while none of the RT-PCR results were positive. ELISA testing demonstrated reactive IgG antibodies in 28 (2.2%) participants with the highest prevalence seen at the urban site in Mbarara (19 of 392, 4.9%, p 

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these findings suggest that dengue, while present, is an uncommon cause of non-malarial, pediatric febrile illness in western Uganda. Further investigation into the eocological factors that sustain low-level transmission in urban settings are urgently needed to reduce the risk of epidemics.