Impact and cost-effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination in Niger: a modelling study evaluating alternative rotavirus vaccines.

Debellut F Tang K Clark A Pecenka C Assao B Guindo O Grais RF Isanaka S
BMJ open 2022 Oct 05; 12(10); . doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-061673. Epub 2022 10 05
Health economics Health policy Paediatric infectious disease & immunisation Public health


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of alternative rotavirus vaccines in Niger, using UNIVAC, a proportionate outcomes model.

SETTING: The study leverages global, regional and local data to inform cost-effectiveness modelling. Local data were collected as part of a clinical trial taking place in the Madarounfa district, Maradi region, Niger.

PARTICIPANTS: The study models impact of infants vaccination on rotavirus gastroenteritis in children under 5 years of age.

INTERVENTIONS: We compared the use of ROTARIX (GlaxoSmithKline, Belgium), ROTAVAC (Bharat Biotech, India) and ROTASIIL (Serum Institute, India) to no vaccination and to each other over a 10-year period starting in 2021.

RESULTS: We estimated that ROTARIX, ROTAVAC and ROTASIIL would each prevent 13 million cases and 20 000 deaths of children under 5 years over a 10-year period in Niger. Compared with no vaccination, the cost to avert a disability-adjusted life-year was US$146 with ROTARIX, US$107 with ROTASIIL and US$76 with ROTAVAC from the government perspective. ROTAVAC dominated ROTARIX and ROTASIIL (eg, provided similar or higher benefits at a lower cost) and had 90% chance to be cost-effective at a US$100 willingness-to-pay threshold.

CONCLUSIONS: This study can inform decision-making around rotavirus vaccination policy in Niger, demonstrating that ROTAVAC is likely the most cost-effective option. Alternative products (ROTASIIL and ROTARIX) may also be considered by decision-makers if they are priced more competitively, or if their cold chain requirements could bring additional economic benefits.

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ.