Bordetella pertussis still poses an important health threat in developing countries. In Niger, notified pertussis cases are few despite the low diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis/pentavalent vaccine coverage. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of B.
BACKGROUND: Although measles mortality has declined dramatically in Sub-Saharan Africa, measles remains a major public health problem in countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
BACKGROUND: Typhoid fever remains a significant public health problem in developing countries. In October 2011, a typhoid fever epidemic was declared in Harare, Zimbabwe - the fourth enteric infection epidemic since 2008.
BACKGROUND: The use of vaccines to prevent and control cholera is currently under debate.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with better economic outcomes.
Outbreaks of Ebola and Marburg virus diseases have recently increased in frequency in Uganda.
Is introducing rapid culture into the diagnostic algorithm of smear-negative tuberculosis cost-effective?
SETTING: In 2007, the World Health Organization recommended introducing rapid Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture into the diagnostic algorithm of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (TB).
BACKGROUND: Efficient malaria vector control requires knowledge of spatio-temporal vector dynamics. We have classified village groups according to the biting rate profiles of both Anopheles coluzzii and An.
Knowledge of rotavirus epidemiology is necessary to make informed decisions about vaccine introduction and to evaluate vaccine impact.
The social rejection of the polio eradication campaign in endemic countries challenges an assumption underlying the goal itself: the full compliance of an entire population to a public health programme.