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Brown V Caron P Ford N Clément Cabrol J Pierre Tremblay J Lepec R
Lancet (London, England) 2002 Jan 12; 359(9301); 161. doi: . Epub 2002 02 14

The outbreak and control of Ebola viral haemorrhagic fever in a Ugandan medical school.


Uganda has just experienced the largest outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever (EHF) ever recorded. Mbarara University Teaching Hospital (MUTH) is responsible for training approximately one-third of Uganda's doctors.

Bitekyerezo M Kyobutungi C Kizza R Mugeni J Munyarugero E Tirwomwe F Twongyeirwe E Muhindo G Nakibuuka V Nakate M John L Ruiz A Frame K Priotto G Pepper L Kabakyenga J Baingana S Ledo D
Tropical doctor 2002 Jan ; 32(1); 10-5. doi: 10.1177/004947550203200107. Epub 2002 06 07

Shortage of vaccines during a yellow fever outbreak in Guinea.


A yellow fever epidemic erupted in Guinea in September, 2000. From Sept 4, 2000, to Jan 7, 2001, 688 instances of the disease and 225 deaths were reported. The diagnosis was laboratory confirmed by IgM detection in more than 40 patients.

Nathan N Barry M Van Herp M Zeller H
Lancet (London, England) ; 358(9299); 2129-30. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(01)07185-9. Epub 2002 01 25

Biological data and clinical symptoms as predictors of astrogliosis and neurodegeneration in patients with second-stage Trypanosoma brucei gambiense sleeping sickness.


Concentrations of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAp) and light subunit neurofilament protein (NFL) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were measured in patients with second-stage Trypanosoma brucei gambiense sleeping sickness.

Lejon V Legros D Rosengren L Gastellu Etchegorry M Büscher P
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 2001 Dec ; 65(6); 931-5. doi: . Epub 2002 01 30

Availability and affordability of treatment for Human African Trypanosomiasis.


Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) is a re-emerging disease whose usual treatments are becoming less efficient because of the increasing parasite resistance.

Etchegorry MG Helenport JP Pecoul B Jannin J Legros D
Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH 2001 Nov ; 6(11); 957-9. doi: . Epub 2002 01 16

[Detection of meningococcal meningitis epidemics in Africa: a new recommendation].


In sub-Saharan Africa, the control of meningococcal meningitis epidemics relies on early epidemic detection and mass vaccination. However, experience shows that interventions are often initiated too late to have a significant impact on the epidemic.

Lewis R Nathan N Communier A Varaine F Fermon F Chabalier FD Rosenstein N Djingarey M Diarra L Yada A Tikhomirov E Santamaria M Hardiman M Leg D
Sante (Montrouge, France) ; 11(4); 251-5. doi: . Epub 2002 04 29

Timely detection of meningococcal meningitis epidemics in Africa.


BACKGROUND: Epidemics of meningococcal disease in Africa are commonly detected too late to prevent many cases. We assessed weekly meningitis incidence as a tool to detect epidemics in time to implement mass vaccination.

Lewis R Nathan N Diarra L Belanger F Paquet C
Lancet (London, England) 2001 Jul 28; 358(9278); 287-93. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(01)05484-8. Epub 2001 08 23

Rapid assessment of population size by area sampling in disaster situations.


In the initial phase of a complex emergency, an immediate population size assessment method, based on area sampling, is vital to provide relief workers with a rapid population estimate in refugee camps.

Brown V Jacquier G Coulombier D Balandine S Belanger F Legros D
Disasters 2001 Jun ; 25(2); 164-71. doi: . Epub 2001 07 26