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Higher risk sexual behaviour is associated with unawareness of HIV-positivity and lack of viral suppression - implications for Treatment as Prevention.


Efficacy of Treatment as Prevention Strategy depends on a variety of factors including individuals' likelihood to test and initiate treatment, viral load and sexual behaviour.

Auteurs: Huerga H Venables E Ben-Farhat J van Cutsem G Ellman T Kenyon C
Référence de l'article: Scientific reports 2017 Nov 23; 7(1); 16117. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-16382-6. Epub 2017 11 23

Genomic history of the seventh pandemic of cholera in Africa.


The seventh cholera pandemic has heavily affected Africa, although the origin and continental spread of the disease remain undefined.

Auteurs: Weill FX Domman D Njamkepo E Tarr C Rauzier J Fawal N Keddy KH Salje H Moore S Mukhopadhyay AK Bercion R Luquero FJ Ngandjio A Dosso M Monakhova E Garin B Bouchier C Pazzani C Mutreja A Grunow R Sidikou F Bonte L Breurec S Damian M Njanpop-Lafourcade BM Sapriel G Page AL Hamze M Henkens M Chowdhury G Mengel M Koeck JL Fournier JM Dougan G Grimont PAD Parkhill J Holt KE Piarroux R Ramamurthy T Quilici ML Thomson NR
Référence de l'article: Science (New York, N.Y.) 2017 11 10; 358(6364); 785-789. doi: 10.1126/science.aad5901. Epub 2018 04 10

Evaluation of the Deki Reader™, an automated RDT reader and data management device, in a household survey setting in low malaria endemic southwestern Uganda.


BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of suspected malaria cases with a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) has been shown to be an effective malaria control tool used in many resource-constrained settings.

Auteurs: Oyet C Roh ME Kiwanuka GN Orikiriza P Wade M Parikh S Mwanga-Amumpaire J Boum Y
Référence de l'article: Malaria journal 2017 11 07; 16(1); 449. doi: 10.1186/s12936-017-2094-3. Epub 2017 11 07
Deki Reader™ Malaria Malaria surveillance Rapid diagnostic test Uganda

Antimicrobial resistance in West Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis.


Growing data suggest that antimicrobial-resistant bacterial infections are common in low- and middle-income countries.

Auteurs: Bernabé KJ Langendorf C Ford N Ronat JB Murphy RA
Référence de l'article: International journal of antimicrobial agents 2017 Nov ; 50(5); 629-639. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2017.07.002. Epub 2017 07 11
Antimicrobial agents Drug resistance West Africa

Quantitative survey on health and violence endured by refugees during their journey and in Calais, France.


Background: In 2015, more than 1 million refugees arrived in Europe.

Auteurs: Bouhenia M Farhat JB Coldiron ME Abdallah S Visentin D Neuman M Berthelot M Porten K Cohuet S
Référence de l'article: International health 2017 11 01; 9(6); 335-342. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihx040. Epub 2018 09 11
Emigrants and immigrants Europe European Union Exposure to violence Health status Refugees Violence

Diagnostic accuracy of VIKIA® Rota-Adeno and Premier™ Rotaclone® tests for the detection of rotavirus in Niger.


OBJECTIVE: We conducted a parallel evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of VIKIA® Rota-Adeno, a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) and Premier™ Rotaclone® an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-

Auteurs: Lagare A Moumouni A Kaplon J Langendorf C Pothier P Grais RF Issaka B Page AL
Référence de l'article: BMC research notes 2017 Oct 23; 10(1); 505. doi: 10.1186/s13104-017-2832-1. Epub 2017 10 23
RT-PCR Rotaclone Rotavirus Sensitivity Specificity VIKIA

An ensemble approach to predicting the impact of vaccination on rotavirus disease in Niger.


Recently developed vaccines provide a new way of controlling rotavirus in sub-Saharan Africa.

Auteurs: Park J Goldstein J Haran M Ferrari M
Référence de l'article: Vaccine 2017 10 13; 35(43); 5835-5841. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.09.020. Epub 2017 09 20
Bayesian model averaging Niger Rotavirus Susceptible-Infectious-Recovered models Vaccine

Protection against cholera from killed whole-cell oral cholera vaccines: a systematic review and meta-analysis.


BACKGROUND: Killed whole-cell oral cholera vaccines (kOCVs) are becoming a standard cholera control and prevention tool.

Auteurs: Bi Q Ferreras E Pezzoli L Legros D Ivers LC Date K Qadri F Digilio L Sack DA Ali M Lessler J Luquero FJ Azman AS
Référence de l'article: The Lancet. Infectious diseases 2017 10 ; 17(10); 1080-1088. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30359-6. Epub 2017 07 17

Cost analysis of the treatment of severe acute malnutrition in West Africa.


We present an updated cost analysis to provide new estimates of the cost of providing community-based treatment for severe acute malnutrition, including expenditure shares for major cost categories.

Auteurs: Isanaka S Menzies NA Sayyad J Ayoola M Grais RF Doyon S
Référence de l'article: Maternal & child nutrition 2017 10 ; 13(4); Array. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12398. Epub 2016 12 05
Niger community-based management cost ingredients approach severe acute malnutrition

Designing HIV Testing Algorithms Based on 2015 WHO Guidelines Using Data from Six Sites in Sub-Saharan Africa.


Our objective was to evaluate the performance of HIV testing algorithms based on WHO recommendations, using data from specimens collected at six HIV testing and counseling sites in sub-Saharan Africa (Conakry, Guinea; Kitgum and Arua, Uganda; Homa Bay,

Auteurs: Kosack CS Shanks L Beelaert G Benson T Savane A Ng'ang'a A Bita A Zahinda JBN Fransen K Page AL
Référence de l'article: Journal of clinical microbiology 2017 10 ; 55(10); 3006-3015. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00962-17. Epub 2017 07 26
WHO guidelines diagnostic accuracy diagnostic algorithms human immunodeficiency virus positive predictive value rapid tests