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Barriers to access to visceral leishmaniasis diagnosis and care among seasonal mobile workers in Western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: A qualitative study.


BACKGROUND: Ethiopia bears a high burden of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Early access to VL diagnosis and care improves clinical prognosis and reduces transmission from infected humans; however, significant obstacles exist.

Auteurs: Coulborn RM Gebrehiwot TG Schneider M Gerstl S Adera C Herrero M Porten K den Boer M Ritmeijer K Alvar J Hassen A Mulugeta A
Référence de l'article: PLoS neglected tropical diseases 2018 11 ; 12(11); e0006778. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006778. Epub 2018 11 08

Retention in care among clinically stable antiretroviral therapy patients following a six-monthly clinical consultation schedule: findings from a cohort study in rural Malawi.


INTRODUCTION: Longer intervals between clinic consultations for clinically stable antiretroviral therapy (ART) patients may improve retention in care and reduce facility workload.

Auteurs: Wringe A Cawley C Szumilin E Salumu L Amoros Quiles I Pasquier E Masiku C Nicholas S
Référence de l'article: Journal of the International AIDS Society 2018 Nov ; 21(11); e25207. doi: 10.1002/jia2.25207. Epub 2018 12 07
Malawi antiretroviral therapy cohort study differentiated care retention

CYP2B6 Genetic Polymorphisms, Depression, and Viral Suppression in Adults Living with HIV Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Antiretroviral Therapy Regimens in Uganda: Pooled Analysis of Two Prospective Studies.


Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CYP2B6 have been shown to predict variation in plasma efavirenz concentrations, but associations between these SNPs and efavirenz-mediated depression and viral suppression are less well described.

Auteurs: Chang JL Lee SA Tsai AC Musinguzi N Muzoora C Bwana B Boum Y Haberer JE Hunt PW Martin J Bangsberg DR Kroetz DL Siedner MJ
Référence de l'article: AIDS research and human retroviruses 2018 Nov ; 34(11); 982-992. doi: 10.1089/AID.2018.0062. Epub 2018 08 15
CYP2B6 HIV depression efavirenz single-nucleotide polymorphisms viral suppression

Complex interactions between malaria and malnutrition: a systematic literature review.


BACKGROUND: Despite substantial improvement in the control of malaria and decreased prevalence of malnutrition over the past two decades, both conditions remain heavy burdens that cause hundreds of thousands of deaths in children in re

Auteurs: Das D Grais RF Okiro EA Stepniewska K Mansoor R van der Kam S Terlouw DJ Tarning J Barnes KI Guerin PJ
Référence de l'article: BMC medicine 2018 10 29; 16(1); 186. doi: 10.1186/s12916-018-1177-5. Epub 2018 10 29
Anthropometry Malaria Stunting Underweight Wasting

The 'indirect costs' of underfunding foreign partners in global health research: A case study.


This study of a global health research partnership assesses how U.S. fiscal administrative policies impact capacity building at foreign partner institutions.

Auteurs: Crane JT Andia Biraro I Fouad TM Boum Y R Bangsberg D
Référence de l'article: Global public health 2018 Oct ; 13(10); 1422-1429. doi: 10.1080/17441692.2017.1372504. Epub 2017 09 16
Global health capacity building collaboration inequality partnership

A life in waiting: Refugees' mental health and narratives of social suffering after European Union border closures in March 2016.


RATIONALE: In 2015, an estimated 856,723 refugees, predominantly from Syria, Afghanistan, and Iraq arrived in Greece as an entry point into the European Union.

Auteurs: Bjertrup PJ Bouhenia M Mayaud P Perrin C Ben Farhat J Blanchet K
Référence de l'article: Social science & medicine (1982) 2018 Oct ; 215(); 53-60. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.08.040. Epub 2018 08 31
Disruption Greece Mental health Refugee camps Refugees Social suffering Uncertainty “European refugee crisis”

HIV-1 drug resistance testing at second-line regimen failure in Arua, Uganda: avoiding unnecessary switch to an empiric third-line.


OBJECTIVES: The number of patients on second-line antiretroviral therapy is growing, but data on HIV drug resistance patterns at failure in resource-constrained settings are scarce.

Auteurs: Fily F Ayikobua E Ssemwanga D Nicholas S Kaleebu P Delaugerre C Pasquier E Amoros Quiles I Balkan S Schramm B
Référence de l'article: Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH 2018 Oct ; 23(10); 1075-1083. doi: 10.1111/tmi.13131. Epub 2018 10 02
HIV-1 Ouganda Uganda VIH-1 drug resistance résistance aux médicaments second-line antiretroviral therapy traitement antirétroviral de seconde ligne

Determinants of dietary practices during pregnancy: A longitudinal qualitative study in Niger.


Undernutrition is associated with maternal morbidity and poor pregnancy outcomes. This qualitative study seeks to understand the multilevel factors influencing maternal dietary practices in Niger, including the impact of pregnancy illnesses on diet.

Auteurs: Rosen JG Clermont A Kodish SR Matar Seck A Salifou A Grais RF Isanaka S
Référence de l'article: Maternal & child nutrition 2018 10 ; 14(4); e12629. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12629. Epub 2018 06 28
Niger diet maternal nutrition nutrition during pregnancy pregnancy outcomes qualitative research