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Time to treatment initiation and HIV viral suppression in people diagnosed with HIV-1 during COVID-19 pandemic in ex-Aquitaine, France (ANRS CO3 AQUIVIH-NA Cohort-QuAliCOV Study).


OBJECTIVES: The Covid-19 pandemic's impact on initiation and effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in people diagnosed with HIV remains unclear.

Ben Farhat J Hessamfar M Farbos S Desclaux A Dumondin G Ferrand H Greib C Castan B Rispal P Duffau P Leleux O Perrier A Wittkop L Bonnet F Barger D
Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2023 Sep 28; . doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000003310. Epub 2023 09 28

Physiotherapy and associated factors affecting mouth opening changes in noma patients during initial hospitalization at an MSF-supported hospital in Northwest Nigeria-A retrospective cohort study.


Noma is a rapidly progressing infection of the oral cavity, which can cause the disintegration of the cheek, nose and eye, in under a week.

Oluwalomola OV Briskin E Olaleye M Samuel J Oluyide B Sherlock M Adetunji AS Amirtharajah M
PLOS global public health 2023 ; 3(9); . doi: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0001995. Epub 2023 09 01

Evidence of HIV incidence reduction in young women, but not in adolescent girls, in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.


OBJECTIVES: We estimated changes in the HIV incidence from 2013-2018 in Eshowe/Mbongolwane, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa where Médecins Sans Frontières is engaged in providing HIV testing and care since 2011.

Mhlanga L Welte A Grebe E Ohler L Van Cutsem G Huerga H Conan N
IJID regions 2023 Sep ; 8; . doi: 10.1016/j.ijregi.2023.07.004. Epub 2023 07 13
ART Cross-sectional surveys HIV Incidence Prevalence Recency tests

Four-Month High-Dose Rifampicin Regimens for Pulmonary Tuberculosis


BACKGROUND: Shorter but effective tuberculosis treatment regimens would be of value to the tuberculosis treatment community.

Jindani A Atwine D Grint D Bah B Adams J Ticona ER et al.
NEJM Evid 2023;2(9). doi: 10.1056/EVIDoa2300054
Rifampicin Tuberculosis

Pregnancy and Birth Outcomes in Patients With Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Treated With Regimens That Include New and Repurposed Drugs.


Among 43 pregnant women receiving multidrug-resistant/rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/RR-TB) treatment with bedaquiline and/or delamanid, 98% had favorable treatment outcomes.

Lotia Farrukh I Lachenal N Adenov MM Ahmed S Algozhin Y Coutisson S Garavito ES Hewison C Holtzman D Huerga H Janmohamed A Khan PY Jacques GL Lomtadze N Melikyan N Mitnick CD Mussabekova G Osso E Perea S Putri FA Rashidov M Rich ML Sakhabutdinova Y Seung KJ Stambekova A Vásquez DV Franke MF Khan U
Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2023 Aug 22; . doi: 10.1093/cid/ciad445. Epub 2023 08 22
drug resistance outcome pregnancy treatment tuberculosis

Reasons for delay in reaching healthcare with severe abortion-related morbidities: Qualitative results from women in the fragile context of Jigawa State, Nigeria (AMoCo)


Maternal near-miss events are a key measure of maternal health; abortion-related complications are one source of near-miss events.

Moore A M Fetters T Williams T Pasquier E Kantiok J Fotheringham C et al.
SSM - Qualitative Research in Health. 15 August 2023, 100330.
Pregnancy Abortion-related complications Near-miss maternal morbidity Qualitative methods Nigeria Fragile contexts

Reflections on Participation in a Trial on Hydroxychloroquine as Prevention for COVID-19 among Health Workers in Niger.


In 2020, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a rapidly emerging virus causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, had no known effective prophylaxis and no widely available proven effective antiviral treatment.

Kabore Y Vatrinet R Guindo O Moussa SH Schilling WHK Grais RF
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 2023 Aug 14; . doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.22-0606. Epub 2023 08 14

Seroprevalence of IgG Antibodies Directed against Dengue, Chikungunya and West Nile Viruses and Associated Risk Factors in Madagascar, 2011 to 2013.


Arboviruses have been shown to circulate in Madagascar, including West Nile, dengue, and chikungunya viruses, though the extent of their circulation remains poorly documented.

Broban A Olive MM Tantely ML Dorsemans AC Rakotomanana F Ravalohery JP Rogier C Heraud JM Andriamandimby SF
Viruses 2023 Aug 08; 15(8); . doi: 10.3390/v15081707. Epub 2023 08 08
Africa Madagascar West Nile virus arbovirus chikungunya virus dengue virus risk factors serosurvey

Low antiretroviral therapy uptake and low early retention among pregnant women who tested positive for human immunodeficiency virus in informal health centers in urban and semi-rural settings in Cameroon: a prospective cohort study.


INTRODUCTION: Despite the efforts of Cameroon's Ministry of Public Health against informal health centers (IHCs) because of their illegitimacy, the number of IHCs is increasing in Cameroon.

Onambele AAS Yuya F Schouame AA Nolna SK Socpa A
Frontiers in public health 2023 ; 11; . doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1188749. Epub 2023 07 26
ART naïves HIV PMTCT informal health centers pregnant women

Practices and challenges related to antibiotic use in paediatric treatment in hospitals and health centres in Niger and Uganda: a mixed methods study.


BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a significant public health problem and is responsible for high mortality in children and new-borns.

Mambula G Nanjebe D Munene A Guindo O Salifou A Mamaty AA Rattigan S Ellis S Khavessian N van der Pluijm RW Marquer C Adehossi IA Langendorf C
Antimicrobial resistance and infection control 2023 Jul 11; 12(1); . doi: 10.1186/s13756-023-01271-7. Epub 2023 07 11
Antibiotics Antimicrobial resistance Paediatrics Prescription Sub-saharan Africa